|（Institute of Sports Sociology Humanities，Shandong University，Jinan 250061，China）
Abstract: The author expatiated on the orientation and affecting factors of US student fitness test standard as well as their solutions based on researches done by US physical education experts and scholars, so as to provide some references for further study of Chinese student fitness test. More than half a century has passed since US fitness test was started in 1950. In 1982 Cooper Institute developed another fitness program in order to provide physical educa-tion teachers with a simple way to report fitness evaluation results as well as parents’ awareness of their children’s fitness level. In 1999 Cooper Institute developed the activity program that pairs with the fitness program. The Scien-tific Advisory Board of Cooper Institute clearly pointed out that the fitness program is applicable to helping indi-viduals evaluate their fitness level, but not suitable for evaluating student’s score, state standard, teacher’s success-fulness, teaching effectiveness, and the quality of scholastic sports events.
Key words: student health；fitness test；USA