|(1.School of Physical Education，Jilin University，Changchun 130012，China；2.Department of Olympic and Sports Sciology，Beijing Sport University，Beijing 100084，China；3.School of Physical Education，Hunan Institute of Arts and Science，Changde 415000，China)
Abstract: The authors probed into the issue about China choosing Olympics. Sport under the background of modern history of China blended into the course of historical development as a carrier for nation and race strengthening, country survival and national modernization, concessively went through such two stages as physical strength value view and national sports value view, and consequentially established a national psychological foundation for the generation and selection of the competitive sports “nationwide system” and “Olympic glory seeking plan” after new China was founded; after new China was founded, China chose Olympics once again for its needs for communicat-ing with other countries and fulfilling its century dream, and for the great renaissance of the Chinese nation. It is historically inevitable for China to choose Olympics.
Key words: modern sports history；Olympic movement；China