|（1.School of Physical Education，Soochow University，Suzhou 215021，China；2.Research Department，Fujian Police College，Fuzhou 350007，China）
Abstract: The authors summarized and sorted CAI Pei-yuan’s physical education ideology. CAI Pei-yuan’s physical education ideology not only contains various contents, but also has formed a complete theoretical system. In this system, emphasizing equally important triple education and adhering to comprehensive development are its ideo-logical core; advocating military, national and civilian physical education and valuing social functions and roles of physical education are its sports time characteristics; repeatedly emphasizing the principle for scholastic physical education to be popularized while fully affirming that sports will have a positive affect on the development of hu-man beings is its basic attitude toward physical education.
Key words: CAI Pei-yuan；physical education ideology；military national and civilian physical education；equally important triple education