|（School of Physical Education，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510006，China）
Abstract: Statistics indicate that physical health level of Japanese students is currently higher than that of Chinese students. In terms of height and weight, although Chinese students had a greater increase than Japanese students in recent years, they still fell behind Japanese students in most age segments; in terms of sports capacity, scores of 50-meter run, grip strength and long jump of Chinese students were far worse than the same of Japanese students. Measures taken by Japan to enhance student’s physical health after World War Two mainly show in the following aspects: value dietary nutrition, implement a school lunch system, and strengthen dietary education for students; es-tablish a series of laws and legislations to provide legal assurance for citizens and students to participate in physical exercising, and base the carrier on comprehensive regional sports clubs, thus harmonious development of competi-tive sports, mass sports and school physical education have been boosted. Aiming at the trend of deterioration of physical conditions and sports capacities of Japanese students in recent years, the following 4 comprehensive meas-ures were put forward: carry out nationwide student physical health promotion activities; cultivate and inspire stu-dent’s motive for participating in physical exercising; create a good environment for students to participate in physical exercising in communities; schools strengthen researches and innovations on physical health, and work ac-tively together with the society and families.
Key words: school physical education；student；physical health；China；Japan