|（Chinese People’s Public Security University，Beijing 100038，China）
Abstract: The author introduced the conception of criminal law protection into the area of Olympic intellectual property rights. There is basically no research on such an issue by the academic community in China. Under the background of China undertaking obligations in the TRIPS agreement, the author examined the gap between the current state of protection of Olympic intellectual property rights and the TRIPS agreement. Based on such an ex-amination, the author demonstrated objective necessity to introduce criminal law protection by using methods such as literature study, comparative examination and case analysis, and specifically analyzed difficulties and key issues in criminal law protection by aiming at the specificity of criminal objects that violate Olympic intellectual property rights: complex issues about applicable legal provisions for criminal cases of direct violation of Olympic intellectual property rights, and issues about non direct violation of Olympic intellectual property rights violating entity rights of right holders.
Key words: Olympic intellectual property right；TRIPS agreement；criminal law protection；China