|（Department of Physical Education，Henan University of Science and Technology，Luoyang 471003，China）
Abstract: By collecting and analyzing related historical data, the author concluded that the transformation of the Wu regime system of the Qing dynasty between 1897 and 1898 started due to domestic difficulties and foreign in-vasions, especially, the failure of the Jiawu War fought by China against Japan was the turning point of transforma-tion of the military system of the Qing dynasty; furthermore, with the extensive military application of fire arms, it was required that combat maneuver manners be improved and enhanced, but the Wu regime system of the Qing dy-nasty failed to meet war requirements at that time, therefore, the call for the transformation of the Wu regime system was quite loud before and after Wuxu Reform. Suggested contents of Wu regime transformation include the estab-lishment of weapon department, replacing archery, knife and stone arms examinations with soldier examination, re-stricting examination qualification, changing examination contents, and examining the use of guns and cannons. However, due to the failure of Wuxu Reform, the transformation failed ultimately.
Key words: Wu regime system；weapon department；soldier examination；Qing dynasty