|（1.Postdoctoral Station，Shanghai University of Sports，Shanghai 200438，China；2.School of Physical Education， South West University，Chongqing 400715，China；3.Capital Institute of Physical Education，Beijing 100088，China）
Abstract: With the idea of “researcher on site” kept in mind, the authors analyzed the definition, characteristics, type and operation of physical education class cultures from the perspective of sociology. Physical education class culture refers to conceptions and behaviors in physical education class teaching, having such 5 major characteristics as “intermediate”, “expressive”, “scene involved”, “aggregative” and “civilized”. The “game rules” of physical education curriculum contents embody the specificity of physical education class normative culture, and increase the opportunities for students to carry out social learning in physical education classes. The social root for the ex-cessive existence of competitive culture is that the physical education teacher cultivation mechanism as well as the sports playground and equipment providing mechanism have some problems. The defects of physical education class structural network result in the dissolution of entertainment characteristics of competitive sports. Physical education class sexual culture embodies in two aspects: sexual difference in a positive sense, and sexual bias in a negative sense. There are two different ways to the integration of physical education class cultures: 1) “concern – recognize–internalize”; 2) “concern–obey–internalize”. In terms of integration effect, the former is better than the latter. The “recognize” and “obey” links on these two ways are reciprocally transformable, and the direction of transformation mainly depends on methods used by teachers to show the contents.
Key words: school physical education；physical education class；class culture