|（School of Physical Education，Nanjing Normal University，Nanjing 210097，China）
Abstract: Sport powerful nation is a perceptual concept, or a qualitative concept, but it is provided with distinct mobilizing and guiding characteristics. The levels of development of international competitive strengths of competi-tive sports as well as mass sports are two basic standards for judging whether a nation is a sport powerful nation. In the process of constructing China into a sport powerful nation, we should work hard for comprehensive domination, but should not pursue perfection; we should base our foundation on nationwide fitness, but should not pay less at-tention to the optimization of competitive sports structure; we should focus on the realization of objectives, and pay more attention to the process of construction. Although constructing China into a sport powerful nation cannot be fulfilled overnight, we should do our best to fulfill it as soon as possible.
Key words: sports sociology；sport powerful nation；perceptual concept；dialectical epistemology