|（1.Department of Physical Education，Zhejiang University of Technology，Hangzhou 310014，China；2.School of Wushu，Shanghai University of Sport，Shanghai 200438，China）
Abstract: Starting with Marx’s theory about “need”, the authors pointed out that the degree of the nation’s need for Wushu decides the status of Wushu in social development. Historically, the reason for Wushu to stand out of many traditional national sports events is because its development was driven by the state machine; for example, Wushu was closely connected to military technology in the old days, and is directly related to the martial spirit in modern times. In the 21st century, for Wushu development, besides competitive Wushu as a way out, we should, internally, follow the time trend of “inheriting national cultures and promoting national spirits”, shift our focus to Wushu edu-cation, turn Wushu into a way of practice for “cultivating national spirits” by thoroughly reforming the Wushu edu-cation system, and externally, stick to boosting the “soft power” of culture, show the actual needs of the “peaceful and rising image of China”, and strive to get Wushu into the Confucius Institute for it to become a specific carrier that spreads Chinese cultural practice.
Key words: Wushu；national need；Chinese culture；Confucius Institute