|（1.School of Physical Education，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510006，China；2.School of Education Sciences，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510631，China；3.Department of Physical Education，Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering，Guangzhou 510225，China；4.First Middie School of Shantou City，Shantou 515041，China；
5.South China Business College，Guangdong University of Foreign Studies，Guangzhou 510545，China）
Abstract: The authors probed into the functions of voice plus music elicitation in controlling the volume of calisthenics for middle age and elderly women, made an experimental comparative study lasting 20 weeks, and by measuring the heart rates before and after exercising and in the next morning, revealed the following findings: in calisthenics for middle age and elderly women, the effects of music accompaniment only and music accompaniment plus voice elicitation were dif-ferent at different exercising periods; in the warm-up period (0-15 min), the volume of exercising with music accompani-ment only was significantly higher than the volume of exercising with music accompaniment plus voice elicitation; in the exercising peak period (15-30-45 min), there was no significant difference between the volumes of the two kinds of exer-cising; in the ending period (45-60 min), 5 min and 10 min after exercising, and in the next morning, the recovery from ex-ercising with music accompaniment plus voice elicitation was significantly better than the recovery from exercising with music accompaniment only. It is suggested that only the calisthenics with music accompaniment plus voice elicitation can effectively control the volume of exercising, and affect the effect of recovery after exercising.
Key words: exercise psychology；calisthenics；voice elicitation；heart rate