|（1.School of Physical Education，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510006，China；2.School of Physical Education，Xuchang University，Xuchang 461000，China）
Abstract: The National Fitness Program is the latest national health promoting program promulgated by the US government, somewhat different from traditional health policies in terms of objective, content and implementation policy, indicating the development and transformation of related policies of the United States. Through their analy-sis, the authors revealed explicit and implicit factors that promoted the promulgation of the Program, expatiated on the main contents of the Program in terms of core objective and implementation policy, and pointed out that the Program is different from traditional health promoting policies of the United States. The Program has two inspira-tions to China: 1) national health policies should realize the return from “national health” to “overall fitness”; 2) how to enhance the operability of national health policies in fives aspects such as execution institution setup, social resource integration and implementation subject identification.
Key words: sport sociology；National Fitness Program；United States of America