|（1.School of Physical Education，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510006，China；2.Guangzhou University of Sport，Guangzhou 510500，China；3.PLA Institute of Physical Education，Guangzhou 510500，China）
Abstract: The “Twelfth Five-Year” period is a critical period for economic structure transformation and development mode transition in China, an extremely critical 5 years for comprehensively initiating strategic works for building a powerful nation of sport. Establishing sports systems and running mechanisms which are in conformity with strategic objectives of a powerful nation of sports is the basic assurance for ensuring the comprehensive, harmonious and sus-tainable development of sport undertakings, also a major task for sport reform in the “Twelfth Five-Year” period. To-day, sport undertakings are still confronted with the contradiction between the ever increasing needs of the masses for diversified sport and relatively insufficient public sport service products, the contradiction that the sport management system is not in conformity with social development environments and requirements, the contradiction of unbalanced internal development of sport undertakings, and the contradiction that sport undertaking resource configuration is not in conformity with market economy development requirements. In the “Twelfth Fiv-Year” period, the reform of sport un-dertakings should, based on building a powerful nation of sport as the general objective, further intensify the reform of sport administrative systems and the undertaking classification management system, and boost the development of the diversification of sport undertaking organization systems, the intensification of sport undertaking development man-ners, the equalization of public services of sport undertakings, the socialization of sport undertaking resource configura-tion, and institutionalization of public management of sport undertakings.
Key words: sport sociology；reform of sport undertakings；sport management system；“Twelfth Fiv-Year” period；China