|（School of Physical Education，Yancheng Teachers University，Yancheng 224002，China）
Abstract: The construction of new socialist countrysides has brought opportunities and challenges to the development of rural sport in China. Only by correctly understanding the working direction and missions of rural sport during the construction of new countrysides can rational ideas for development can be figured out. In this study, the author put forward the following opinions: the realistic overview of countrysides is not the objective state of new countrysides, but the realistic conditions of the initial stage of development of new rural sports; the construction of new socialist country-sides has provided an opportunity for sport to return to the life styles of peasants, and highlighted the status and value of sport; from the perspective of the value orientation of sport; sport in new socialist countrysides can be divided into natural mission and obligated mission, the former refers to the benign development of peasants themselves and the rural society, while the latter contains social stipulations and expectations, and they unify in the practice of construction of new socialist countrysides, showing as the result of rational choice of the society.
Key words: sport sociology；mission of sport；new socialist countrysides