|（Department of Physical Education，Sun Yat-Sen University，Guangzhou 510275，China）
Abstract: By examining the historical background for the launch of and implementation of the physical exercise standard in China in different periods, and by analyzing the transition of this standard, the authors summed up the following patterns shown in the process of evolution of the physical exercise standard in China since its founding: the establishment process changed from learning or referring to independent development, the test content changed from emphasizing physical stamina to focusing on physical fitness, the test subject changed from general to specific, the test means transited from purely manual to semi-intelligent, the execution attitude changed from voluntary to compulsive, the evaluation method changed from standard meeting method to scoring method, and the standard status was lifted from department regulations to national strategies. The process of evolution showed such charac-teristics as vividly temporal, fitness helpful, simulating, flexible and operable. The authors also put forward the fol-lowing measures for developing this standard in a sustainable way from the perspective of comprehensive social and individual development: think about the standard’s strategic status positively; reform the standard management method; perfect the standard evaluation system; increase the technical content of standard testing; break through traditional resistances in standard execution; intensify the standard’s legal constraining power.
Key words: physical education evaluation；physical exercise standard；China