|（Department of Physical Education，Harbin University of Science and Technology，Harbin 150080，China）
Abstract:. The author concisely described the background for the US government to send an education envoy crew to Japan after World War II. As one of the members of the US education envoy crew, McCloy participated in the drafting of the US Education Envoy Crew Report. As the origin of and general guideline for education in Japan after World War II, the report produced tremendous influence on the establishment of the basic law of education and the law of school education of Japan; on such a basis, a comprehensive reform was carried out on education in Japan after World War II. The influence produced by McCloy’s ideology on the establishment of school physical education and fitness education guidelines of Japan after World War II was significant.
Key words: school physical education；fitness education；US education envoy screw；McCloy；Japan