|（School of Physical Education，Northeast Normal University，Changchun 130024，China）
Abstract: The book titled Traditional Sport and Human Adaptation–Sports Anthropological Study of Nations di-vided into 5 chapters totally. By shorting out different regional characteristics and national characteristics of tradi-tional sports worldwide, the author found the best entrance–traditional sports and human adaptation. In this book, the author probed into the functions of traditional Inuit sports in enhancing local residents’ adaptation to freezing living environments, sorted out the forms of traditional sports worldwide, and probed into their inspirations to China by applying his research results. This book is a pioneer in oversea sports anthropological investigation, provided with solid data and meticulous study, indeed a model of interdisciplinary study.
Key words: sport anthropology；traditional national sports；Inuit；book review