|（Department of physical education，Xinjiang Education University，Urumq 830043，China）
Abstract: The process of enculturation is a process in which a person or a young generation in a social group ac-quires cultural cultivation, a process of cultural inheritance, also a process in which an individual adapts to his/her culture and fulfill his/her role and identity. The process of enculturation of sport culture of Tuvans starts with family education, is then completed through community and school education. At different stages of growing up of Tuvans children, family completes children’s learning about national sport culture; family enculturation plays an important role in standardization and inheritance. Local school education deviates from the original living background, failing to exert its role of the primary battlefield for cultural inheritance. In economic globalization today, how to deal with the impact of the tide of modernization on traditional sport culture of Tuvans is an issue that cannot be dodged but needs to be tackled.
Key words: sport culture；traditional national sport；Tuvans；Xinjiang