|（School of Physical Education & Health，East China Normal University，Shanghai 200241，China)
Abstract: The authors believed that our way of ontological thinking about physical education curriculum knowl-edge had stopped at the “what” dimension over a long period of time, which resulted in physical education curricu-lum seeking for completeness generalization blindly in terms of knowledge selection. From the perspective of at-tribute ontology, the essential attribute of physical education curriculum knowledge is sports technology; from the perspective of survival ontology, the value of physical education curriculum knowledge highlights its pedagogical significance; from the point of view of the development of education, culture and the entire humankind, what the pedagogical significance of physical education curriculum knowledge presents is a sort of “cultural evolution”, while the realistic reflection of such “cultural evolution” is the formation of “sports makings” of individual students. Such understandings enable us to more clearly understand such questions as “Is there knowledge lecturing in physi-cal education curriculum?” and “Is sports technology being made less important?” and such realistic issues as “the controversy between the constitution view and the skill view”, which appeared historically or are appearing now.
Key words: school physical education；physical education curriculum；curriculum knowledge；sports technology；cultural evolution；ontology