|（Department of Physical Education，Xinxiang University，Xinxiang 453003，China)
Abstract: The author drew a comparison between and did an analysis of test indexes specified in the National Stu-dent Physical Health Standard before and after adjustment in terms of index dimension, index structure, item type, item quantity, item weight etc, and revealed the following findings: the determination of test items tends to be more rational, e.g. sports skill is no longer a dimension used to measure physical health; test items tend to be more scien-tific, e.g. lower grade students in elementary schools are no longer tested for power capacity. The biggest change is that test items are unified nationwide according to learning period, which is convenient for drawing vertical and horizontal comparisons between test results, and more conducive to understanding the trend of changing of physical health of teenage students in China in the next few years and regional differences.
Key words: school physical education；National Student Physical Health Standard；test index