|（Department of Physical Education，Guangdong Institute of Science and Technology，Zhuhai 519090，China)
Abstract: From the perspectives of history and philosophy, the author studied the formation and impact on sport of the “soul and flesh consistency” view in the Renaissance. Humanism in the Renaissance opposed the dualism in which the soul was uplifted and the body was downgraded by medieval Christianity, adhered to the “soul and body consistency” view in which the body and mind were harmonious. From mind liberation to body awakening, the formation and wide spreading of the “soul and body consistency” view produced an important impact on modern European sport, which was mainly embodied in the reentering of sport into the education area, the Vatican’s change of attitude towards education, the appearance of sports theory research, and the rising of folk leisure sport. As an epochal mind liberation movement, the Renaissance had laid an important ideological and practical foundation for the development of modern sport.
Key words: sports culture；soul and flesh consistency；humanism；soul and flesh；the Renaissance