|（1.Center for Studies of Psychological Application/School of Psychology，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510631，China；2.School of Education，Guangxi University，Nanning 530004，China)
Abstract: Maintaining the elderly’s cognitive function has important theoretical and realistic significance. Physical exer-cising can improve the elderly’s cognitive function, especially Taijiquan is suitable for the elderly to participate in, and playing an active role in delaying the decline of the elderly’s cognitive function. Horizontal and vertical researches found that the shaping of the elderly’s cognition by Taijiquan mainly includes execution function, memory function, attention function and whole brain cognition condition. Follow-up researches can probe into the mechanism of this function based on the body exercising - cognition medium model and the selectivity enhancement hypothesis. These findings have impor-tant significance to promoting the elderly to participate in physical exercising, popularizing traditional Chinese sports events, promoting the elderly’s health, and reducing the pressure brought by population aging to families and society.
Key words: sports psychology；cognitive function；Taijiquan；the elderly；overview