|（School of Physical Education，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510006，China)
Abstract: It has been a basic fact that sports originated from western civilization are popular all over the world. The attempt to simply remodel a traditional national sports activity into a sports event with the help of a western sports mode is very difficult to succeed. Oriental sports workers should find another way to exert advantages and overcome disadvantages, mine and improve traditional heath care culture in an in-depth way by applying scientific methods, dig out unique resources which had existed for thousand years long before western sports matured, and establish a way to ecological sports development by utilizing the lately developed advantage of oriental nations rising altogether. The field working method used by sports anthropology in China to explore / investigate primitive ecological sports activities is to, based on constructing scientific national sports, inspire the cultural awareness of activity groups themselves, pro-mote the social, organizational and institutional innovation of “oriental health care sports style”, so that traditional body movement culture in oriental civilization becomes fresh blood for future sports, even builds a system of its own in the sports leisure era, becomes mutually complementary together with western sports.
Key words: sports anthropology；field investigation；national sports；primitive ecological body culture