|（1.Sports Theory Teaching & Research Office，Wuhan Sports University，Wuhan 430079，China；2.School of Physical Education and Sport，Beijing Normal University，Beijing 100875，China)
Abstract: Disciplinary ability cultivation and evaluation is the main direction of education teaching reform. The study of physical education disciplinary ability evaluation is significant for following the trend of education evaluation, integrating diverse school physical education ideologies, guiding physical education curriculum content selection, promoting teaching process and method innovation, etc. From the perspective of grasping the particularity of the physical education discipline, the authors analyzed the connotations of physical education disciplinary abilities, and put forward that sports skill learning ability and sports fitness ability are core elements which constitute physical education disciplinary abilities. The design principle of physical education ability evaluation activities highlights the generality and operating characteristics of disci-plinary abilities, thus forms the content framework of physical education disciplinary ability evaluation, which bases its subject on the performance of applying sports skill learning principle and sports fitness principle. In order to ensure the im-plementation of physical education disciplinary evaluation work, evaluation indexes and level standards need to be estab-lished according to specific test environments and learning period requirements.
Key words: school physical education；physical education evaluation；disciplinary ability