|（Department of Physical Education，Central South University，Changsha 410083，China)
Abstract: “The controversy about domestic and foreign sports” is a controversy about Chinese sports development and modern transformation, its nature is a conflict between international and national, contemporary and traditional, scientific standard and empirical standard. This controversy enhanced the Chinese’s understanding of western sports and their mind to open to foreign culture, boosted the remodeling and development of “sports transformation” of Wushu, and turned the relationship between “domestic sports” and “foreign sports” from conflicting to blending. This controversy looked at the heterogeneity of “foreign sports” dialectically, maintained and developed the national characters of “foreign sports”, enhanced the cultural awareness of “domestic sports”, and strived to provide pro-found enlightenment for the direction of development of “domestic sports” represented by Wushu in terms of “har-monic yet different” etc.
Key words: sports history；traditional national sports；domestic sports；foreign sports；sports transformation of Wushu