|（1.School of Physical Education and Sport，Central China Normal University，Wuhan 430079，China；2.School of Physical Education and Sport Science，Fujian Normal University，Fuzhou 350108，China)
Abstract: By means of questionnaire survey, the authors studied the innovation ability of free physical education (PE) normal students and its affecting factors. Exploratory factor analysis indicates that the innovation ability of free PE normal students contains such 5 dimensions as PE equipment and teaching tool innovation, PE textbook innova-tion, PE teaching innovation, PE extracurricular knowledge expansion and innovation, and PE research application innovation. Confirmatory factor analysis indicates that the 5-factor structural model has a good degree of fitting, and that free PE normal student innovation ability questionnaire has good reliability and validity, can be used as a meas-urement tool for follow-up research. Currently the innovation ability of newly enrolled free PE normal students is average. Regression analysis indicates that the intensities of influence of professional ability, teaching environment, professional spirit and professional knowledge on the innovation ability of free PE normal students decrease in the same order. The authors proposed to primarily strengthen the cultivation of the professional ability of free PE nor-mal students, and to concurrently develop the other 3 factors, so as to boost their innovation ability.
Key words: school physical education；free PE normal student；innovation ability