|（School of Economics and Management，Shanghai University of Sport，Shanghai 200438，China)
Abstract: Traditional national sports have distinctive national cultural features and significant regional characteristics. Unique geographic and humanistic environments are indispensible material carriers of traditional national sports activities. Under the impact of foreign powerful culture and modern industrial civilization, traditional national sports inheritance is facing an unprecedented crisis. Based on the perspective of constructivism theory, the authors analyzed the element struc-ture and subject roles of traditional national sports inheritance as well as the process of inheritance of cognition construc-tion, retrospected dilemmas currently faced by traditional national sports, and believed that the root causes for the problem were as follows: the change of external environments had severed the intrinsic connections between various elements in the traditional national sports inheritance system; the inheritance order was messed up as a result of the original experience foundation being disturbed, while a new cognition structure had not been established in a timely manner. Traditional na-tional sports inheritance is a process of coordination and promotion between social construction and self construction, its realization still has to rely on the construction of an effective inheritance environment.
Key words: sports culture；traditional national sports；constructivism；cognition construction