|（1.School of Sports Leisure and Art，Shanghai University of Sport，Shanghai 200438，China；2.Information Research Center，Shanghai Research Institute of Sports Science，Shanghai 200030，China；3.Department of Physical Education，Shanghai Lixin University of Commerce，Shanghai 201620，China)
Abstract: Emerging in the mid 20th century, the revolution of thinking in a complex paradigm produced tremendous influence on sports included areas. Especially, as the 21st century came, researches on complex systems in the sports area showed a trend of remarkable increasing. As representatives of complex systems widely applied in the sports area, ecological dynamic and neurobiological systems can better reflect and explain complex phenomena in the sports area. The authors reviewed and collated the said researches, hoping to provide reference for and inspirations to theoretical study and application practice in the sports area in the future. Although it is still too early to com-pletely evaluate contributions made in the sports area in the process of development of complex system thinking, methods used in complex systems can direct researches’ attention to new possibilities.
Key words: complex system；sports area；ecological dynamics；neurobiology；overview