|（1.School of Wushu，Wuhan Sports University，Wuhan 430079，China；(2.Graduate Department，Wuhan Sports University，Wuhan 430079，China)
Abstract: Aiming at such a “symptom” as that the fitness of teenagers in China is constantly deteriorating, by basing their research subject on the goal of school physical education, the authors traced the root of the “health first” ideology for school physical education, explored its theoretical connotation, collated and analyzed problems existing in the reality: ele-mentary and middle school physical education in China was lost during following the “health” goal, some signs uncon-formity with the “essence” of its goal appeared. The authors questioned the “health” goal advocated by elementary and middle school physical education nowadays: health is a multi-factor comprehensive social issue, not one that can be han-dled by school physical education alone; if “health” is set as the goal of school physical education, it does not get the truth of health, and exaggerates the functions of school physical education. Therefore, school physical education in China re-build a system suitable for modern elementary and middle school physical education ideology, try to break way from the constraint of the “health” goal, hold high the new banner of “strong”, establish specifically operable methods to enhance teenager fitness, and let “strong” be the new goal of elementary and middle school physical education.
Key words: school physical education；goal of school physical education；teenager fitness；health；strong