|（1.Department of Psychology，Capital Normal University，Beijing 100048，China；2.Wushu College，Beijing Sport University，Beijing 100084，China)
Abstract: Starting with learning – one of the most important tasks in children development in the childhood period, the authors collated and concisely analyzed researches on physical activities promoting children’s academic achievements in terms of psychological research methods in the categories of correlation research and experiment research, and expatiated on the neurophysiological mechanism, cognitive mechanism and social-psychological mechanism for physical activities to promote children’s academic achievements. Physical activities can ensure chil-dren’s physical health, and promote the brain to release various neurotransmitters, which not only makes them pro-duce a sense of joy, and their cognition more flexible, but also will increases their arousing degree and resources needed for cognition, and can better promote children to form a positive self concept, thus improving their psycho-logical health level and academic achievements. Based on existing researches, the authors expatiated on future re-search directions in this area in China.
Key words: sports psychology；physical activity；academic achievement；children；neurophysiology；cognitive mechanism；review