|（School of Physical Education，Henan University，Kaifeng 475001，China)
Abstract: Sports evaluation as a cognitive activity is a process of development from perceptual evaluation to ra-tional evaluation. Accompanying the appearance of human sports activities, perceptual sports evaluation therein went through such activities all the time, while the “grand military examination” appeared in the Han dynasty be-came the origin of rational sports evaluation due to its specific evaluation purposes, strict evaluation standards and precise implementation processes. Rational sports evaluation developed further in modern times, and dedicated sports evaluation related researches started to appear. Today the forms and contents of sports evaluation are more diversified, it has started to consider the entire sports phenomenon as its study object, and someday it will involve every sports related area.
Key words: sports history；origin of sport evaluation；China