|（1.School of Physical Education，North East Normal University，Changchun 130024，China；2.Department of Physical Education，Xian University of Technology，Xian 710048，China)
Abstract: Basing the testees on the orienteers in a professional group, a medium level group and a rookie group, the authors examined the memory retrieval and scenario switching as well as basic map symbol information memory retrieval and switching correctness rate and response time of the orienteers at different levels in the process of iden-tifying the orienteering maps, and analyzed the distribution of wrong options of memory retrieval and switching, evaluated the ability of the orienteers at different levels to identify scenarios in visual space memory, probed into the orienteers’ map information processing strategies in the process of map memorization and scenario identification, so as to provide theoretical reference for establishing sports training plans scientifically. The results reveal the follow-ings: the athletes in the professional group showed higher performance in terms of map information scenario re-trieving and switching ability, their scenario switching ability was stronger, and their identification response was faster; as compared with the athletes in the professional group, the athletes at the medium level had a poorer ability to switch to real scenes from competition map scenarios, should strengthen training for the ability to switch to real scenes from competition map information; basic map symbol identifying ability and map information memory processing strategies restricted the orienteers’ scenario identifying ability; in the process of map scenario identifica-tion, most of the orienteers in the professional group and medium level group adopted the overall memorizing strat-egy, while most of the orienteers in the rookie group adopted the local memorizing strategy. The results indicate that changing the orienteers’ map identifying and memorizing strategies in a targeted way will be conducive to improv-ing their understanding of map information processing, and effectively enhancing their map identifying ability.
Key words: sports psychology；orienteering；cognition processing；visual memory；scenario identification