|（1.Research Center of Chinese Wushu，Shanghai University of Sport，Shanghai 200438，China；2.Sports Culture Development Center，General Administration of Sport of China，Beijing 100061，China)
Abstract: Starting with the information of archeological relics found in recent years, coupled with previous scholars’ exploration of historical literature records, the author carried out an archeological analysis on the development and evolution of ancient Chinese Chuiwan, and put forward the following opinions: Chuiwan developed from bat-ting-on-foot and stick-and-ball had been extensively developed as late as the Song dynasty. Until the mid Ming dynasty, Chuiwan was popularized and inherited to different extents among officials in palaces and civilians. Beginning from the late Ming dynasty, under the influence of its own characteristics and multiple social factors, Chuiwan with competitive characteristics gradually disappeared from people’s sight. However, according to the analysis of its unique movement characteristics and rules, ancient Chinese Chuiwan had a certain close relation with golf born in the west.
Key words: sports history；Chuiwan；batting-on-foot；stick-and-ball；golf；China