|（Institute of Sport Science，University of Bayreuth，Bavaria 95447，Germany)
Abstract: The authors selected Germany football as their research object, gave an overview of the current situation of German football governance, including such aspects as the roles played by the German governments at all levels, German professional football club governance, the relationship between the league operating company and league association, German teenager football training and coach cultivation, as well as German football referee cultivation and legal restraints etc. By studying the authors put forward the following opinions: German mass football clubs are the carrier of the cultivation of German teenager football players and referees, clear up the path for the German football association to implement the reform of “governance and management separation”; by following the “market center logic”, the German football association changed its functions and dedicated itself to 3rd Liga governance and teenager football development; German professional football clubs are practitioners of the “Fans First” principle. Inspirations to Chinese football development are as follows: the governments at all level should vigorously support and guide mass football club development, get out of the “government center logic”, and give the principal status back to the market; professional football clubs should keep basing the center on fans, and take multiple measures to standardize and restrain football referee behaviors.
Key words: sports management；German football governance；professional football club；mass football club；football referee