|（1.School of Sport and Health，Guizhou Medical University，Guiyang 550000，China；2.School of Physical Education，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510006，China；3.Guizhou City Vocational College，Guiyang 550000，China)
Abstract: On the basis of thoroughly investigating and analyzing the current situation of mountain outdoor sports risks as well risk causes and risk management in China, the authors probed into a mountain outdoor sports risk evaluation index system and an early warning system. This research shows that the built risk evaluation index system includes 6 level one indexes and 39 level two indexes; the authors carried out risk classification on 39 level two indexes according to the risk matrix chart, and found that there are 12 indexes that need to be watched in priority, 18 indexes that need to be fully prepared, and 8 indexes that need to be monitored daily. On the basis of the index system, the built mountain outdoor risk early warning system in China includes 6 blocks and seven links, this system has such functions as risk information searching and analyzing as well as establishing reference and information issuance etc, provides a possibility for risk early warning informatization, networking and development towards big data. The authors believed that the mountain outdoor sports risk early warning system needs to be supported by the accident information platform and the risk early warning platform, needs to be assured by policies and regulations, the assurance system and the education system, also needs to deal well with the responsibility relationship between system supply and demand sides and its interest relationship with third parties (insurance company etc), so as to realize the harmonious and sustainable running of the entire early warning system, and then to boost the sustainable development of mountain outdoor sports in China.
Key words: sports management；mountain outdoor；risk evaluation；early warning system；China