|（1.School of Physical Education，Harbin Normal University，Haerbin 150025，China；2.Heilongjiang Ice Sports Training Center，Haerbin 150001，China)
Abstract: Based on 3 excellent Chinese long distance speed skaters trained in Canada as research subjects, the authors studied the training achievements, and revealed the following findings: the excellent Chinese long distance speed skaters trained in Canada had significant improvement in terms of stamina, technology and competition performance, achieved or exceeded their former best performance respectively. The reason for the success of the Chinese skaters trained in Canada was mainly due to that during stamina training the Canadian coaches used the training energy supply structure that bases mainly on aerobic training and secondly on low aerobic, mixed oxygen and anaerobic training, as well as the load training structure that bases mainly on medium and low intensity and secondly on high intensity; technical training achievements were embodied in improving and optimizing technical movements, and focusing on technical movement efficiency; com-petition achievements were embodied in controlling training precisely. Therefore, the authors put forward the following proposals in order to provide reference: refer to advanced training conceptions; optimize and improve long distance speed skating event training in China; increase the level of training scientification, etc.
Key words: sports training；long distance speed skating event；excellent female athlete；training in Canada