|（1.School of Physical Education，Northeast Normal University，Changchun 130024，China；2.No.1 Vocational School in Daxing District，Beijing 102612，China；3.No.5 Middle School in Yanji，Yanji 130011，China)
Abstract: Japanese sports governance system is established under legal guidance and domination; its basic frame-work is composed of governmental governance and social governance. In this system, although sports contents un-der governmental governance are miscellaneous, the governance boundary is oriented to “governance but not man-agement”; numerous sports social organizations have become the most important social governance subjects, and realize the taking of the “management” responsibility for boosting sports undertaking development via respective internal self management as well as interaction and cooperation between them. Learning from Japanese experience, “strengthening legal system construction”, “promoting government function transformation to ‘governance but not management””, and “establishing a sports social organization cultivation mechanism”, are important paths for boosting the modern construction of the sports governance system and governance abilities.
Key words: sports governance system；governmental governance；social governance；Japan