|（Department of Physical Education，Xidian University，Xi’an 710071，China)
Abstract: In order to gain an insight into the physical health changing trend of the freshmen in recent 10 years, and to provide a basis for the national fitness promotion plan and school physical education reform, the authors analyzed the physical test data (height, weight, lung capacity and standing long jump) of 54 177freshmen at Xidian Univer-sity between 2006 and 2016 by using methods such as cross-sectional history, correlation analysis and linear regres-sion analysis. The results showed the followings: between 2006 and 2016, the freshmen’s height had a good change, showed an increasing trend, no matter for the male students or the female students, while their weight was develop-ing toward a bad direction, the relative number of normal weight students showed a quickly decreasing trend, no matter for the male students or the female students, while the relative numbers of overweight or obese male and fe-male students showed a relative quickly increasing trend, the relative number of underweight female students showed an increasing trend too. The pulmonary ventilation function and lower limb explosive power and coordina-tion quality of the male and female students had no significant improvement. Therefore, freshmen physical health education needs to be further strengthened.
Key words: physical health；freshmen；cross-sectional historical study；Xidian University