（School of Physical Education，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510006，China)
Abstract: Wing Chu is a kind of Kungfu created in the late Qing Dynasty for gang hatred killing or folk private fighting. It bases the key on “hatred”, requires the practicers to be heartless and cruel, a long as they can win, they can use any means to the extreme. Its technical system is built by closely sticking to “defending the crucial parts and attacking the crucial parts”, and provided with such boxing characteristics as “taking and holding the middle posi-tion, attacking the middle position”, “attacking in an opponent unexpected and unprepared fashion”, “close attack-ing, giving priority to interception”, “integrated attacking and defending, attacking while defending”. However, in order to adapt to modern social behavior norms, in the process of “sport transformation”, due to reasons such as “valuing routines more important than boxing” and “competitive fighting oriented” remodeling etc, its essential at-tributes and technical system dissimilated, not only no effective competitive abilities were evolved timely, but also on the contrary, its original real combat abilities were seriously weakened.
Key words: traditional national sports；traditional Wushu；boxing characteristic；boxing ability；Wing Chun