（1.School of Physical Education，Guangzhou Sport University，Guangzhou 510500，China；
2.School of Education Science，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510631，China)
Abstract: Based on the analysis of the concepts of “model” learning and “pattern” learning, and based on the dimensions of time, space and content, the authors established a three-dimensional stage model of children observational and imitational learning during “Warm-up Exercise” for children sports activities, probed into the education value of turning from “model” learning to “pattern” learning, expatiated the internal mechanism of children movement learning transitioning gradually from the observational and imitational learning stage of form-like imitation to explorative and creative learning stage of spirit-like imitation and the problem solving learning stage of super imitation. In this process, the teacher changes from the active dem-onstrator to the active demonstrator and smart guider, while the children change from the passive imitators to conscious imita-tors and active creators. Turning from “model” learning to “pattern” learning boots the transition of children movement learn-ing from low level “model” learning to high level “pattern” learning, and promotes the children to change from passive obser-vational and imitational learners to active explorative and creative learners, and even to become problem solving learners.
Key words: children sports activity；warm-up exercise；“model” learning；“pattern” learning