(School of Physical Education and Sports Science，South China Normal University，Guangzhou 510006，China)
Abstract: By applying the theory of comparative advantage, from the angle of intercontinental to explore the results with the top eight athletes in three-times World Athletics Championships of 2015-2019 in Beijing, London and Doha. The research showed that: (1) intercontinental characteristics for the world athletics events in recent 5 years are significant, and as for the Europe, North America, Africa and Asia, the dominant projects for them are decathlon and heptathlon, speed item, middle-distance race and walk, respectively, yet as for the South America and Oceania, they show the weak competitive ability. (2) There are gender differences in decathlon and heptathlon in Europe, speed item and endurance item in Asia, and that was also existed in some countries such as China. (3) In recent years, the competitive strength of track and field in China is gradually enhanced, and the female walking and throwing are the dominant events for China. The goal of preparing for the Tokyo Olympic Games is to maintain the dominant events, and break through the potential advantages, as well as continue to hold the purpose of “participat-ing in world competitions and bringing in advanced theories" for the “1516 plan” in order to learn high-level train-ing concepts and methods.
Key words: track and field；dominant events；intercontinental characteristics；World Athletics Championship；comparative advantage theory