|(Department of Physical Education, Fuling Teachers College, Fuling 408003,China)
Abstract: Under the guidance of the principles of History of Ethics, Gymnastic theory, Gymnastic History and archaeology,the authors combine the methods of literature survey, background analysis and synthetic analysis to study systematically the development and branches of Ba-Yu dance in Three Gorges Dam Area. It shows that in thousand of years Ba-Yu dance gradually developed into two types——one became the court Yan music since the early Han Dynasty till Tang Dynasty,which lasted more than one thousand years, another is the folk Ba-Yu dance,the essence of BaYu dance. As time went on, Ba-Yu dance developed into Feathered-man dance, aegis dance, heel-stepping dance and hand-waving dance among Tujia minorities in Wuling mountainous area, which have been popular in the natives for more than thousand years.
Key words: three gorges dam area; Ba-Yu dance; tradional physical education