(1.School of Economics & Management，Shanghai University of Sport，Shanghai 200438，China； 2.Department of physical Education，Shanghai DianJi University，Shanghai 201306，China)
Abstract: From the perspective of resource dependence theory, this paper studies the resource dependence system, the resource dilemma and the path of governance of national individual sports associations by means the methods of literature, field investigation and logical analysis. The results show that the resource dependence system of national individual sports associations mainly includes both internal resources and external resources of the organization, among which internal resources mainly refer to talents, funds, materials and organization management system that can be directly controlled within the organization of individual sports associations, and external resources mainly refer to the government resources, market resources and social resources needed for the survival and development of individual sports associations. National individual sports associations shall organize interaction between internal and external resources to form an internal and external linkage mechanism. After decoupling, the resource dilemma faced by the governance of national individual sports associations is that the internal management structure and system are not perfect, the site facilities and resources are insufficient, and the professional comprehensive talents are insufficient. In the process of interaction with external resources of national individual sports associations, there are problems of insufficient access to social resources caused by insufficient resource supply of government, insufficient market resource development ability of national individual sports associations and weak social foundation of national individual sports associations. The governance path of national association of individual sports is to build the government service system of materialized operation of national association of individual sports, improve the market resource development ability of national association of Individual sports, create a platform, multi-party cooperation to consolidate the social foundation.
Keywords: sports governance；individual sports association；sports industry；resource dependence theory