(1.Institute of Sports and Healthy，School of Physical Education，Henan University，Kaifeng 475001，China； 2.Department of Physical Education, Guangdong University of Technology，Guangzhou 510006，China)
Abstract: Given few research on women's sports participation from the perspective of social mobility has not made, the present paper refers to Wang Xiaobo's five layers-classification of female groups and selects 24 persons from five layers in 24 professions in the cities of Guangzhou and Kaifeng by quota sampling method, and makes a case study of structured interview from three dimensions, so as to discuss the condition of female sports participation. It is considered that the subjective efforts of women are the main driving force of upward flow (change of class status). When the social flow changes their original social status, their sports participation (time, place, partners) will change to some extent, but their sports values (value orientation) and preference are basically kept unchanged. The three properties of learning, imitation and dissemination of physical education make it have the transmission function. The influence of parents on the sports that women like and participate in persistently shows the possibility of inter-generational transmission of sports, and there is no significant difference between classes in the aspect.
Keywords: sports sociology；social mobility；inter-generational transmission；female sports participation；case study